Do you have a great idea for an IoT product or system? An important step to launching successfully will be creating early prototypes that yield critical learning. Don’t take the leap without a plan for IoT prototyping — rapidly. Rapid prototyping will ensure the product works well before landing in the hands of your clients.
Rapid Prototyping for IoT
Rapid prototyping is a catalyst to going to market, allowing project owners to lower risk and gain visibility into a product’s ROI before it enters the production stage. The design and development teams can validate their designs, experiment with different configurations and components, and identify potential problems or limitations before moving into the production phase.
IoT projects are complex, unpredictable, and riddled with risk. That’s why project owners need to de-risk projects early; there’s no use sinking significant funds into the project until you’re confident the product will work. Rapid prototyping enables you to validate your project idea before you reach a point of no return.
Moreover, stakeholders need to prove the value proposition quickly. That means project owners must be able to generate actual data to create actionable insights, align with customers through testing, and adapt as needed while the design is fluid. Rapid prototyping makes that possible.
We’ve spent years building early prototypes. In that time, we’ve identified three crucial keys to success for rapid IoT prototyping:
- Leveraging the Agile methodology
- Testing early and often
- Using the right tooling
#1: The Agile Methodology
The Agile methodology involves small, cross-functional teams working closely to deliver minimal viable products (MVPs) in short, iterative cycles. Using the Agile approach consistently for IoT prototypes, we’ve gained considerable knowledge on how it empowers success. Here are some of our insights:
Choose the Shortest Path Forward
Moving quickly sometimes means making hard decisions. Stay focused on the goal and cut out feature bloat so you can keep moving quickly. This applies to hardware as well. With multiple hardware iterations, you can build additional hardware features later.
Don’t Paralyze, Parallelize
Siloing teams by discipline will paralyze your development. Team members from hardware, software, data science, and design need to communicate continually and work together in parallel to accomplish project-level goals.
Part selection, for example, is often completed without firmware input. This can cause issues later when the firmware engineer discovers that integrating a specific part is a huge lift and that using a similar part would have been much easier.
Involving the firmware engineer during the part selection process avoids that problem altogether, saving time and costs in the long run. By eliminating silos, teams can uncover issues sooner and solve them collaboratively, leading to better, faster solutions.
Get the Prototypes to Everyone
Your electrical engineer isn’t the only one who needs prototypes. Firmware engineers, mechanical engineers, program management, and leadership should also have access to them.
It’s even better to get prototypes in front of potential users to get feedback early on. Seek to gather perspectives from every angle. Let your leadership tinker around with and break the prototype. The more you allow people to experiment with the product, the more you’ll be able to identify gaps that need filling.
What we mean is: think small, and then think even smaller. It’s a lot easier to build a larger system composed of individual, independent pieces than it is to craft each component concurrently.
Break down, review, and deliver your work in the smallest chunks possible. Think outside the box when it comes to breaking down work. If you’re reviewing an entire board, you aren’t thinking small enough.
Review the power supply, the core microcontroller components, the memory storage, and the sensor layout. Reviewing and delivering in smaller chunks gives you a higher chance of catching and fixing issues early on.
Ultimately, building atomically enables tighter feedback loops between disciplines and, most importantly, with the customer. This early feedback doesn’t just correct false assumptions — it also unlocks hidden value and ushers the product to market as quickly as possible.
#2: Test Early & Often
If you’re building atomically, you can — and should — be testing early and often.
You won’t realize a product’s value until it is tested in real-world applications. So, begin testing as early as possible to identify issues before you’ve invested too heavily in decisions that are hard to undo. Test often to keep progress continuous and consistent.
As you’re building the test plan for the prototype keep these tips in mind:
- Test both in the real world and the lab.
- Don’t rely solely on yourself for testing. Get the prototypes in the hands of the expected users if possible.
- Think about how the prototype might fail, and test those scenarios.
- Use effective testing tools.
#3: Use the Right Tooling
Design & Communication Tools Are Crucial
Smart design tools enable teams to collaborate seamlessly across borders and time zones. Use these to your advantage when rapid prototyping for IoT.
For example, cloud-based CAD software like OnShape allows collaborators to access and edit files from any device. Popular versioning and file storage tools like git/GitHub store and version software and hardware designs, functioning as a lightweight product data management (PDM) system without excessive overhead.
Additionally, user-friendly communications platforms like Slack, Microsoft Teams, and Discord help organize information and keep teams aligned.
Use Ultra-localized Production
You can build a lot from the comfort of your desk. Leveraging 3D printers, printed circuit board (PCB) mills, and laser cutters to create many of your initial prototypes can reduce the barrier to building a prototype.
But don’t forget to complement your cutting-edge tech with “old school” tooling, such as high-quality soldering irons, reflow ovens, and hot air stations. Combining these tools can help you fabricate and rework most basic circuit boards, significantly reducing time spent making prototypes so you have more time to test them.
Onshore Rapid Prototyping for Custom PCBAs
There are plenty of short-turn-time PCBA manufacturers in the market. If you familiarize yourself with their design rules, you can get fully custom PCBAs in as little as a week. This
might not be cheap but consider this as investing one dollar today to save 10 dollars tomorrow. Companies like Circuit Hub and Screaming Circuits are excellent options for getting prototype boards fast.
Leverage the Right Parts
RF modularized components are great tools for rapid IoT prototyping. While they might not be the most cost-effective in the long run, they can eliminate weeks of development time in the shorter term. They eliminate the need for complicated layout and tuning of RF front ends; drop it on your board and go.
Top Development Boards & Kits
Among the many boards and kits we’ve used, recently the following boards and kits have worked quite well for rapid prototyping.
nRF52840 DK Single Board Development Kit
The nRF52840 DK is great for BlueTooth® and battery-powered devices. The inclusion of standard hardware debugging and prototyping interfaces allows you to write firmware against the dev kits, expediting time to market.
i.MX6ULL Development Kit
The i.MX6ULL is great for gateway applications, mainly because it provides reference design files that make it easier and faster to debug custom hardware.
mikroBUS™ Click Boards
mikroBUS™ Click Boards are a standardized hardware interface for thousands of varying components. It’s excellent for rapid prototyping both hardware and firmware.
They contain sensors, radios, Ethernet interface chips, and tons of other types of devices. Ultimately, mikroBUS click boards make it possible to easily interface with these external devices to start testing hardware and firmware earlier.
Make Your Own PCBAs
If you want to make your prototypes, 3D printers and desktop computer numerical control machines (CNCs) can provide you with a quick feel of your product. Plus, if you have 3D printers available in-house, you can quickly iterate and test new features without waiting for a third party to build them for you.
Formlabs SLA Printer (3D)
Using a high-resolution machine like the Formlabs printer allows you to test and iterate complex geometries quickly.
Nomad 3 CNC
A PCB mill can make your two-layer boards from copper clad very quickly, enabling rapid prototyping of design chunks. This yields very strong boards that can handle a surprising amount of power.
A Critical Process
Rapid prototyping is a critical process in the development of IoT products. It allows project managers and developers to test and refine their ideas quickly and efficiently, identify potential issues, and lower the risk of failure before investing significant resources in production.
Rapid prototyping is especially important in the unpredictable IoT ecosystem, where stakeholder buy-in and validation of the value proposition are crucial. By leveraging the Agile methodology, testing early and often, and utilizing the right tools, project owners can ensure that their IoT products are well-designed, functional, and exceed expectations across the board.