Electrical equipment maintenance accounts for some of the highest operating costs in explosive atmospheres. Much of a company’s time and resources in the Hydrogen, PetroChemical, Pharmaceutical, and Oil and Gas industries are spent inspecting and maintaining critical equipment.
Most inspections and equipment maintenance within (or just in) explosive atmospheres are conducted so that equipment follows regulatory requirements for potential ignition sources. To date, these inspections and subsequent maintenance are based on static, calendar-based systems and maintenance programs.
What Is An Explosive Atmosphere?
An explosive atmosphere is an area where the air contains or may contain a sufficient quantity of flammable or explosive material, gases, dust, or vapors.
Examples of explosive atmospheres include:
- refineries and processing plants
- offshore structures & platforms
- ships/vessels in oil & gas, both carriers and production facilities
- terminals and pipelines
- storage facilities
Explosive atmospheres are prone to fires or explosions when 3 basic conditions are met: oxygen, fuel, and an ignition source. To protect areas from a potential explosion, equipment that contains ignition sources needs to be built as “ex equipment.” Ex equipment is assets that comply with regulations for hazardous installations.
Whenever an area is defined as a potentially explosive atmosphere, facilities need to be monitored and protected from potential ignition sources. This is done by the protection principles described in Atex directive 2014/34/EU in the European Union (FUSEX in Norway).
Since the monitoring process has been manual to date, which takes up time and can produce errors, managers of explosive atmospheres need to find more intelligent ways to conduct their maintenance.
Classification of Explosive Atmospheres
Explosive atmospheres can be classified into three categories (Zones) depending on the volume of an explosive atmosphere in the air:
- In a Zone 0 explosive atmosphere, there is an explosive atmosphere for more than 1000 hours per year.
- In a Zone 1 explosive atmosphere, there is an explosive atmosphere between 10 and 1000 hours per year.
- In a Zone 2 explosive atmosphere, there is an explosive atmosphere for less than 10 hours per year, but the air contents still make control over ignition sources a necessity due to the risk of explosions or fire.
Solutions For Explosive Atmospheres [Ex Certified]
Sensors that are mainly installed in or together with other Ex-protected equipment (cabinets, boxes, control stations, motors, luminaries, etc.) need their own Ex-certified explosion protection.
Except for conditions that can be visually detected by maintenance staff during manual inspections, there are currently no wireless systems that can detect changes early. An undetected interruption, therefore, can escalate or lead to costly downtime and even critical operational situations.
Sensors can measure critical parameters in explosive atmospheres, like humidity, water, temperature, and proximity. They can be installed directly on/in other Ex-protected equipment since they have their own Ex protection.
The sensor solution offers continuous accurate monitoring and reporting of operational data. Through alerts and automation, staff receives warnings of faults and incidents before they happen, reportedly leading to fewer incidents and increased equipment life.
Hydrogen, Oil & Gas, Petrochemical, and Pharmacy companies can now remotely operate, monitor, and control their installations onshore and offshore at a fraction of the cost, reducing manual work, preventing incidents, and gaining accurate important insights that benefit profit, people, and the planet.